Legal costs in general federal law matters

What is the Court's role in relation to legal costs?

In general federal law proceedings, the Court normally awards costs to a successful party. They are intended to reimburse a party (usually the successful one) for their legal costs. The costs awarded are normally only part of the costs incurred. These are referred to as party-party costs. Costs may be awarded before a final hearing; for example if a party has not complied with a timetable and the other party brings the matter back to court for further directions.

Indemnity costs – the Court can award all costs reasonably and properly incurred where the conduct of a party warrants such an order being made. These costs are most frequently awarded when a party has declined an offer of settlement and has been awarded a sum less than that offered.

The Court is not responsible for overseeing private fee arrangements between a lawyer and client – refer to rule 21.08(2) of the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Division 2) (General Federal Law) Rules 2021 (GFL Rules). These are referred to as solicitor-client costs. If you wish to dispute the fees charged by your lawyer, you need to contact the law society or institute in your state or territory.

How does the Court make a party-party costs order?

The rules in relation to party-party costs are found in Part 22 of the GFL Rules.

Unless the Court otherwise orders, the appropriate scale for a party-party costs order (other than bankruptcy) is the event-based scale in Schedule 2 of the GFL Rules. 

Bankruptcy costs – a party entitled to costs in bankruptcy proceedings is entitled to costs in accordance with the Federal Circuit and Family Court of Australia (Bankruptcy) Rules 2021.

The Court has a general discretion to depart from the fixed event-based scale. Sometimes the Court may order that a specific amount of costs be paid. In these situations, the judge may assess the costs by using:

  • the costs rules of the Federal Court of Australia, or
  • another method for determining the amount of costs.

Taxation of costs in the Court is only possible when costs are fixed according to the Federal Court scales. There is no provision for taxation of costs if they are fixed according to Schedule 2. Judges will determine disputes about the calculation of costs under Schedule 2.

How can I dispute the fees charged by my lawyer?

If you are not happy with the fees charged by your lawyer, you should first explain your concerns to your lawyer and attempt to resolve the dispute.

If you are unable to resolve the dispute directly with your lawyer, contact the law society or institute in your state or territory. Each law society or institute has different procedures and timeframes in place for challenging the fees charged by your lawyer.

For a list of law societies and institutes in your State or Territory, visit the Court's website at www.fcfcoa.gov.au.

Schedule 2: Party-Party Costs

Part 1 – General federal law proceedings

(the amounts in this schedule are inclusive of GST)

Item

Description

General federal law amount

1

Initiating or opposing an application up to the completion of the first court date

Both

  1. $3,147; and
  2. the daily hearing fee mentioned in item 10 that applies to the hearing.

2

Initiating or opposing an application which includes interim orders (other than procedural orders) up to the completion of the first court date

Both

  1. $3,938; and
  2. the daily hearing fee mentioned in item 9 that applies to the hearing.

3

Interim or summary hearing – as a discrete event

(Note: this stage applies to an interim application or a summary proceeding of a type not otherwise addressed in this fee structure. It does not include the item 1 or 2 component)

Both

  1. $1,964; and
  2. the daily hearing fee mentioned in item 9 that applies to the hearing.

4

Dispute resolution litigation intervention

$3,300

5

Preparation for final hearing – one day matter

$7,076

6

Preparation for final hearing – two day matter

$10,634

7

Preparation for final hearing – each additional hearing day after the second hearing day

$2,237

8

Final hearing costs for attendance of solicitor at hearing to take judgment and explain orders

Both:

  1. $321; and
  2. the daily hearing fee mentioned in item 9 that applies to the hearing.

9

Daily hearing fee

Either:

  1. for a short mention – $321; or
  2. for a half day hearing - $1,178; or
  3. for a full day hearing - $2,357

10

Advocacy loading

$50% of the daily hearing fee mentioned in item 9 that applies to the hearing

11

Disbursements – Court fees and other fees and payments to the extent that they have been reasonably incurred

The amount of the fees and payments

12

Disbursements – photocopying for each page

$0.81

13

Agents fees and travelling costs

Note: For 2 or more hours travel

$663

Part 2 – Migration proceedings

Division 1 – Costs for migration proceedings that have concluded

Item

Description

Migration amount

1

A proceeding concluded at or before the first court date for the proceeding

$1,572

2

A proceeding concluded:

  1. after the first court date for the proceeding; and
  2. at or before the hearing under rule 44.12 or other interlocutory hearing

$3,930

3

A proceeding concluded at a final hearing

$7,853

Division 2 – Costs for migration proceedings that have been discontinued

Item

Description

Migration amount

1

A proceeding in which the notice of discontinuance is filed and served at least 14 days before the first court date for the proceeding

$782

2

A proceeding in which the notice of discontinuance is filed and served:

  1. less than 14 days before the first court date for the proceeding; and
  2. at least 15 days before the hearing under rule 44.12 or other interlocutory hearing

$1,960

3

A proceeding in which the notice of discontinuance is filed and served:

  1. less than 15 days before the hearing under rule 44.12 or other interlocutory hearing; and
  2. at least 15 days before the final hearing

$3,930

4

Any other case

$5,497

 

This fact sheet provides general information only and is not provided as legal advice. If you have a legal issue, you should contact a lawyer before making a decision about what to do or applying to the Court.

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